Stubble Burning

The Commission for Air Quality Management in National Capital Region and Adjoining Areas, on 10.06.2021 has offered a framework to the states of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan, together with the NCT of Delhi, for management/elimination of crop residue burning and directed to attract up the state particular motion plans primarily based on the main contours of the framework.

On September 16, 2021, the fee directed the Chief Secretaries of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, and Rajasthan, in addition to the National Capital Territory of Delhi, to successfully implement the framework and detailed motion plan.

Furthermore, the federal government is implementing a particular scheme known as “Promotion of Agricultural Mechanization for In-Situ Management of Crop Residue in the States of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, and the NCT of Delhi” to assist the efforts of the governments of Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, and the NCT of Delhi to forestall crop residue burning and subsidize equipment wanted for in-situ administration of crop residue.

According to the Ministry of Earth Sciences’ System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting (SAFAR), the estimated common contribution of biomass burning to PM2.5 ranges in Delhi in 2020 (10 October – 03 December) and 2021 (10 October – 23 November) was 13 %, with the utmost estimated contribution reaching 42 % in 2020 and 48 % in 2021.

According to the Consortium for Research on Agroecosystem Monitoring and Modeling from Space (CREAMS), IARI, the variety of lively hearth occasions (AFE) on account of paddy crop residue burning will lower by 14 % in Punjab in 2021, whereas growing by 66.3 % in Haryana, as in comparison with the variety of AFE counted in 2020.

Though, compared to 2020, the variety of Net AFEs in Punjab and Haryana has decreased by 10% in 2021. District-wise AFE depend for the States of Punjab and Haryana for 2020 and 2021 is enclosed as Annexure-I.

In most elements of the nation, paddy straw is used as a conventional animal feed. It can, nonetheless, be higher utilized by treating it with urea resolution to make it dietary feed materials. Paddy straw can also be used within the manufacturing of paper.

The paper business, alternatively, dislikes it due to the excessive silica content material, which causes blast furnace clogging, low fibre power, low pulp yield, yellowness in pulp, and the necessity for lots of space for storing, amongst different issues.

ICAR shaped a committee to evaluate varied ex-situ crop residue administration choices for technical feasibility and financial viability, and the end result was the publication of a doc titled ‘Ex-situ Crop Residue Management Options.’ This info was given by the Minister of State for Environment, Forest & Climate Change, Ashwini Kumar Choubey in a written reply in Lok Sabha right this moment.


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