Alphonso Mangoes

The space planted with Alphonso mangos has decreased from 25,000 hectares in 2017 to eight,890 hectares this yr, implying that Dharwad might quickly lose its standing because the “Alphonso capital of Karnataka.”

The Alphonso selection accounts for almost all mangoes grown within the Dharwad space (regionally referred to as Hapus or Ampus). Surprisingly, mango is Dharwad’s flagship produce below the Prime Minister’s Formalisation of Micro Food Processing Enterprises’ ‘One District, One Product’ scheme (PMFME). In 2017, the world below cultivation started to drop.

Mango growers have been pressured to search for options attributable to a pointy drop in yield (some years the yield plummeted by 80%), harsh climate occasions, and shifting market costs, and because of this, guava, areca nut, cashew nut, and banana cultivation is rising up in what had been previously mango orchards. The processing business doesn’t choose this desk fruit often known as the “king of mangoes.”

Two years in the past, the district obtained a yield of 1.37 lakh tonnes. The harvest, in accordance with Horticulture Department officers, is not going to exceed 60,000 tonnes this yr.

Alphonso, which is primarily grown in Dharwad and sections of Karnataka’s Belagavi area, has excessive export potential. This is bought in Europe, the United States, Australia, and some Asian international locations.

Heavy rains in November and December, in accordance with Dr. Kashinath Bhadrannavar, Deputy Director of the Horticulture Department, delayed flowering. Increases in temperature in the course of the fruit setting stage have a adverse impact on yield. As a outcome, the yield for this season has plummeted. Every yr across the second week of April, the ‘King of Fruits’ would come to the market, however this yr’s arrival shall be 45 to 50 days later.

When the manufacturing is sweet, the farmer ought to be capable of get a most of six tonnes of fruit per hectare. However, the yield this season is lower than two tonnes per hectare. Devendra Jainar, a mango grower from Kelgeri in Dharwad, stated that each farmers and those that have leased the bushes for harvesting are affected.

According to Basavaraj Hiremath, who owns a mango grove in Amblikoppa, pink soil is superb for cashew cultivation, and therefore the agricultural sample has shifted. Mango lovers are feeling the pinch as properly. Two dozen mangoes value Rs 900 within the Dharwad market final yr, whereas a dozen prices Rs 1,100 this yr.

First revealed on: 25 Apr 2022, 05:17 IST



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