Mustard Cultivation





Following a 44 % enhance in mustard crop diversification within the 2021-22 rabi season, enterprising farmers are actually incomes income by promoting the yield for as much as Rs 7,000 per quintal, a 28 % enhance over this yr’s MSP and an all-time excessive for the crop in Punjab.












The low-cost enter mustard crop is essential in water conservation, in accordance with agricultural specialists and progressive farmers.

Nachatar Singh, 31, of Bathinda’s Naruana village, had cultivated mustard for the primary time on 12-acres he had leased, yielding a mean of seven quintals per acre. His cotton fields have been bothered with pink bollworm in the course of the earlier kharif, or summer season crop season, and he incurred losses.

“In comparison to previous yields of 12-16 quintals per acre, the average cotton output was devastated to 4 quintals. Then, during the rabi season, I took a calculated gamble and switched to mustard instead of wheat. Oilseed cultivation helped to mitigate prior losses to a degree, and I’ve chosen to grow mustard on a larger scale in October this year,” he added.

According to information from the state agricultural division, mustard was grown on an estimated 1.34 lakh acres in 2021-22, essentially the most previously 15 years. However, it was 70% lower than in 1974-75, when the state’s complete mustard acreage was 4.4 lakh acres.

Farmers have been planting mustard on roughly 30,000 hectares (74,000 acres) yearly since 2007. Farmers have begun sowing to diversify the rabi crop cycle, in accordance with Agriculture Director Gurvinder Singh, following a concerted push by state officers for crop diversification.












“We’re working on a plan to boost oilseed agriculture, which has a great market potential,” he mentioned.

Mustard is the best various rabi crop for the semi-arid areas of south Malwa, in accordance with Gurcharan Singh of Muktsar’s Udekaran village.

“In comparison to wheat, which requires irrigation five or six times, mustard only requires irrigation once or twice.” Because this space depends closely on the canal system and the groundwater desk has fallen to harmful ranges, mustard is essentially the most cost-effective choice. Gurcharan, who cultivated oilseed for the primary time in 45 years, claimed it’s “less labour demanding and more remunerative than wheat.”

Baldev Singh of Bathinda’s Bajak village, like Gurcharan, has stockpiled up on all of his produce in anticipation of elevated oilseed costs.

“Mustard, a non-perishable crop that can be preserved for months, minimises soil chemical load and is more ecologically sound than wheat.” “After processing, husk pays roughly Rs 3,000 per acre, which is more than the real mustard harvesting cost,” he famous.

Baldev believes that the federal government’s organised intervention in buying the produce will assist to stabilise the market and enhance farmers’ motivation to diversify their crops.












“In comparison to wheat, which requires irrigation five or six times, mustard only requires irrigation once or twice.” Because this space depends closely on the canal system and the groundwater desk has fallen to harmful ranges, mustard is essentially the most cost-effective choice. Gurcharan, who cultivated oilseed for the primary time in 45 years, claimed it’s “less labour demanding and more remunerative than wheat.”

Baldev Singh of Bathinda’s Bajak village, like Gurcharan, has stockpiled up on all of his produce in anticipation of elevated oilseed costs.

“Mustard, a non-perishable crop that can be preserved for months, minimises soil chemical load and is more ecologically sound than wheat.” “After processing, husk pays roughly Rs 3,000 per acre, which is more than the real mustard harvesting cost,” he famous.

Baldev believes that the federal government’s organised intervention in buying the produce will assist to stabilise the market and enhance farmers’ motivation to diversify their crops.

Farmers could proceed to acquire excessive charges within the coming months, in accordance with Rakesh Rathi, a famend dealer and mustard miller, as demand for oilseed has surged owing to the Russia-Ukraine struggle and Indonesia’s restriction on palm oil export.












“India’s cooking oil wants are primarily imported, and the worldwide development has pushed greater mustard and oil crop charges. In the Malwa area and elsewhere, the federal government ought to encourage the cotton-mustard mixture to interrupt the wheat-paddy cycle and preserve water, in accordance with Rathi.

Fazilka had the most important mustard crop in 2021-22, with 37,000 acres planted, a rise of 80 % over the earlier rabi season.

According to Bala Ram of Fazilka’s Saidanwali village, mustard has a decrease price enter than wheat and is extra worthwhile.

“Wheat requires an estimated investment of Rs 12,000- Rs 15,000 per acre, whereas mustard only roughly Rs 7,000 per acre.” This yr’s wheat output was down 20%, however the various mustard is offering farmers a dividend,” he defined.











First revealed on: 25 Apr 2022, 10:29 IST



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