Under the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana (PMGKAY), the Centre has revised rice and wheat allocations for 12 states, asking Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala to change to rice for his or her whole grain requirement. For others, the discount in wheat amount shall be offset by the identical quantity of rice, making certain that there isn’t any scarcity in general grain allocation.

The newest transfer will assist the federal government save 5.55 million tonnes (mt) of wheat beneath PMGKAY through the ongoing Rabi procurement season, which has seen the bottom wheat procurement within the final 15 years. Prior to this revision, the PMGKAY allocation plan would have resulted in an outgo of 10.93 mt at 100% offtake for the April-September interval.

According to sources, the federal government now requires a most of 5.38 million tonnes of wheat following the revision. Concurrently, rice allocation beneath PMGKAY has elevated to 18.53 mt from the beforehand revised 12.99 mt.

The Food Ministry acknowledged in a letter to all state meals secretaries on Tuesday that whereas there isn’t any change within the different phrases and circumstances of the PMGKAY tips, the revision within the allocation has been undertaken “in order to mitigate the scarcity-like situation and to ensure availability of sufficient stocks as per stocking norms.”

The Centre has been distributing free foodgrains to 81 crore beneficiaries beneath the National Food Security Act (NFSA) in extra of their authorized entitlements of 5 kg per particular person per 30 days beneath the scheme.

However, the continued outflow of wheat beneath PMGKAY has been referred to as into query as grain procurement has been lowered this season. Wheat procurement was 16.2 mt as of May 1, 43.85 p.c decrease than the earlier 12 months. According to merchants and specialists, the procurement could also be round 20 mt as a result of farmers can promote above the MSP of Rs. 2,015 per quintal within the open market whereas official companies purchase at MSP.

It ought to be famous that wheat procurement was 11.13 million tonnes in 2007-08, and it has steadily elevated since then, reaching a report 43 million tonnes in 2021-22.

“Because the government scheme is free, there is no concern about lifting, even if beneficiaries are given rice instead of wheat.” Where the wheat allocation has been lowered however not fully withdrawn, it’s as much as the state governments to resolve the way to distribute the grains. While Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Bihar might not have an issue as a result of individuals eat rice, Uttar Pradesh might have some points as a result of wheat is most well-liked within the western area, in response to a supply.

In a letter to the Food Ministry on April 27, the Food Corporation of India (FCI) requested an ‘instant’ revision in allocation because of the practically 50% drop in arrivals, citing the truth that some States have been nonetheless ready to carry grains for May.

Furthermore, the transfer was required to keep up a enough stage of buffer shares in an effort to hold meals inflation beneath management, in response to FCI. As of April 1st, FCI had 18.9 mt of wheat and 55 mt of rice in inventory (together with 33.9 mt within the type of unmilled paddy).

First revealed on: 03 May 2022, 07:59 IST



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