Paddy Field

Punjab authorities has determined to make use of the Direct Seeding of Rice (DSR) technique within the upcoming Kharif sowing season to save lots of water whereas sowing paddy on an space of 1.2 million hectares (mha). This is greater than double the realm sown underneath DSR in 2021. (0.6 mha). DSR is also referred to as the ‘broadcasting seed method,’ as a result of seeds are drilled instantly into the fields.

The area is laser levelled, and pre-sowing irrigation (rauni) is carried out. The area is ready to the optimum soil moisture stage, and paddy (non-basmati) is seeded instantly. In comparability to the standard water-intensive technique, this method saves groundwater and thus electrical energy.

It might help lower water consumption by as much as 35% when in comparison with the standard technique of transplanting rice seedlings from a nursery to waterlogged fields.

After assembly with numerous farmer unions and teams on April 17, 2022, Punjab Chief Minister Bhagwant Mann and state agriculture officers set the goal.

“We are organizing training camps and creating short videos to raise awareness and encourage people to adopt DSR.” “We are also soliciting feedback from farmers who adopted DSR last year on the types of challenges they encountered so that we can address them this time,” stated Gurvinder Singh, Punjab’s director of agriculture.

The authorities set a goal of one million hectares final 12 months, however solely 0.6 mha have been introduced underneath DSR. This was, nonetheless, the state’s highest thus far, and it was 0.1 mha greater than the 2020 determine.

DSR is progressively gaining traction. It elevated additional in 2020, when Punjab and Haryana confronted a labour scarcity on account of employee migration in the course of the lockdown and farmers shifted to DSR, which is much less labor-intensive.

According to MS Bhullar, principal agronomist at Punjab Agriculture University (PAU), some farmers have additionally expressed a need for a constant provide of brief period selection seeds in the course of the DSR interval, comparable to in the course of the transplanting interval, and the federal government has agreed to this.

The authorities has set May 25 to June 5 because the date for DSR sowing. After June 15-20, conventional transplanting sowing begins.

Rice is India’s primary kharif crop, and it’s grown in the entire main agrarian states, together with Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, and Bihar. Because groundwater is the first supply of irrigation in these states, transplanted rice cultivation has depleted the water desk.

According to information from the Central Ground Water Board, groundwater ranges in Punjab fell in about 85 % of the state between 1984 and 2016.

According to a 2011 research revealed within the journal Advances in Agronomy, DSR might help scale back water consumption by as much as 35% in such a situation. “There are only two options for conserving groundwater. “Either diversify away from paddy and develop different crops, or use water-saving strategies to develop paddy,” Bhullar suggested.

PAU’s DSR suggestion in 2010 was just for medium to heavy textured soils, however demonstrations in 2020 demonstrated that the refined DSR know-how can work in sandy loam soils as nicely. According to Bhullar, this has elevated the realm appropriate for DSR in Punjab from 45 % to 85 %.

First revealed on: 25 Apr 2022, 05:34 IST



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