Rice Cultivation in Punjab

To save water when planting paddy, the Punjab authorities has chosen to make use of the Direct Seeding of Rice (DSR) technique over 1.2 million hectares (mha) within the forthcoming Kharif sowing season.

This is greater than quadruple the world seeded underneath DSR in 2021. (0.6 mha).

DSR is also called the ‘broadcasting seed technique,’ since seeds are drilled instantly into the bottom.

A pre-sowing (rauni) irrigation is carried out after the land is laser levelled. The discipline is prepped to the best soil moisture degree, and paddy (non-basmati) is sown immediately. In distinction to the same old water-intensive technique, this technique conserves groundwater and therefore energy.

When in comparison with the same old technique of transplanting rice seedlings from a nursery to soggy fields, it might save as much as 35% on water.

After Punjab Chief Minister Bhagwant Mann and state agriculture executives met with a number of farmer unions and organisations on April 17, 2022, the objective was decided.

“We’re doing training camps and filming short movies to raise awareness and encourage others to embrace DSR,” mentioned the group. We’re additionally gathering suggestions from farmers who carried out DSR final yr to see what points they’d in order that we will deal with them this yr,” mentioned Gurvinder Singh, Punjab’s director of agriculture.

Last yr, the federal government set a objective of one million hectares, however solely 0.6 million hectares had been introduced underneath DSR.

However, this was the state’s biggest degree thus far, and it was 0.1 million hectares higher than the 2020 forecast.

DSR has been steadily gaining traction. It elevated in 2020, when Punjab and Haryana had a labour scarcity on account of employee migration through the COVID-19 shutdown, and farmers modified to DSR, which is much less labour-intensive.

According to MS Bhullar, chief agronomist at Punjab Agriculture University (PAU), a number of farmers have additionally requested that short-term selection seeds be out there frequently through the DSR time, corresponding to throughout transplanting, and the federal government has agreed.

DSR sowing will happen between May 25 and June 5, in line with the ministry. After June 15-20, conventional transplanting sowing happens.

Rice is India’s most necessary kharif crop, and it’s farmed in all the nation’s most important agricultural states, together with Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, and Bihar. Rice farming by transplanting has decreased the water desk in a number of states, the place groundwater is the first supply of irrigation.

“To conserve groundwater, there are only two options. “Either diversify away from paddy and into different crops, or domesticate paddy utilizing water-saving expertise,” Bhullar added.

In 2010, PAU really helpful DSR completely for medium to heavy textured soils, nevertheless experiments in 2020 demonstrated that the upgraded DSR method may operate in sandy loam soils.

According to Bhullar, this has expanded the world eligible for DSR in Punjab from 45 p.c to 85 p.c.

First revealed on: 29 Apr 2022, 01:52 IST



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