According to the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP), which units the minimal help costs for merchandise farmed within the nation, together with rice, a kg of rice consumes 3,367 liters of water.

Sowing of crop

With subsoil water quickly diminishing in Punjab, the nation’s grain bowl, and water-guzzler paddy cultivated on greater than 30 lakh hectares through the summer time (Kharif season) are thought-about the foremost purpose, it is time to rethink the water-guzzler varieties sown over a long time.

According to knowledge from the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP), which yearly units minimal help costs for crops grown within the nation, together with paddy, a kg of rice consumes 3,367 liters of water, depleting the state aquifer and threatening to show the nation right into a desert.

“If this issue is not addressed, Punjab will no longer be the same. Farmers would perish in a few years since no crop can grow here without water,” warned BS Dhillon, former vice-chancellor of Punjab Agricultural University (PAU), Ludhiana. He steered giving paddy varieties a brand new look, acknowledging that the PAU has completed a lot however that rather more stays to be performed.

In phrases of groundwater ranges, the state of affairs within the state is regarding since, besides for 3 districts – Gurdaspur, Muktsar, and Pathankot – all districts are overexploited and seeing a decline in ranges better than recharge, with a mean lack of a minimum of 50 cm. 

“It’s more than a metre per year in certain places,” stated Gopal Krishan, a scientist on the National Institute of Hydrology in Roorkee. Central Punjab has been hit the worst, with 109 of the state’s 138 blocks turning into black zones.

Rice breeder GS Khush, an alumnus of the PAU and primarily based within the USA, had additionally raised concern over the paddy situation in Punjab, recommending no free energy to 14 lakh agriculture tubewells within the state.

Paddy sowing has been postponed till June 15, with the state enacting a legislation prohibiting it earlier than that date. Experts, alternatively, consider it ought to be pushed out to June 30 or maybe the primary week of July.

Dhillon famous that varieties with a improvement time of 162 days, comparable to PUSA44, ought to be stopped instantly and the seeds ought to be destroyed. Farmers might make the most of the identical number of paddy for a number of years since it’s a self-pollinating crop.

“We have to reverse this development. Paddy producers ought to combine varieties from season to season to keep away from illness, in accordance with Gurjeet Singh Mangat, an assistant director on the PAU’s analysis crop enchancment division and a rice breeder.



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